Attorney Thomas Whyatt, the first Hudson Riverkeeper—a river monitor for the environmental group, Hudson River Fisherman’s Association—gave the Gussie and Israel Matz Lecture on "River Business First."

After a visit to Kendrick House, which housed the African-American Cultural Center and where 30 of Vassar’s 169 black students lived, New York State Regents officials determined that the residence violated the Regents’ 1972 Position Paper No. 15, "Minority Access to and Participation in Post Secondary Education," forbidding segregated living areas.

The college disputed the finding, citing specifically the paper's definition of segregated facilities as "those in which admission or residience is restricted, by the institution or with its consent, to persons of a particular race, color or national origin" and noting, residence in Kendrick being open to all upperclassmen, that some of its residents were white.  The trustees, meeting on May 11, voted unanimously to maintain Kenrick House as the site of the cultural center and a student residence and to make "every effort" to persuade the Regents of the wisdom of the Vassar policy.

After a year and a half of negotiation, and facing mounting legal cost and the threats both of loss of state financial aid and of possible rescission of Vassar's charter, the trustees voted at their meetings in May 1975 to return Kendrick House to its original purpose—faculty housing—to relocate the cultural center to a site on campus and to house all black students in campus residence halls.

Nine Vassar students and one non-student on the Vassar campus were among 43 people in Dutchess County arrested for drug trafficking. The Vassar students were arrested on charges of possession and sale of marijuana in a predawn raid conducted by the police. The college received 20 minutes’ advance notice of the raid.

Linguist, cognitive scientist and social activist Noam Chomsky, Ferrari P. Ward Professor of Modern Languages and Linguistics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, spoke to a near-capacity audience in the Chapel on "The Secular Priesthood"—the burgeoning "technocracy" of post-industrial society.  Sponsored by the multidisciplinary program in Science, Technology and Society, Chomsky, reported The Miscellany News, disparaged three common beliefs enforced for political ends by "the power elite":  that "the technological imperative leads necessarily to a concentration of power; that stratification of society [based on meritocratic princlples] is inevitable in a technocratic world...and that behavioral science has become so advanced that it should be used to condition and order our current world." 

Chomsky’s widely discussed book, American Power and the New Mandarins appeared in 1969, and his book, with economist and media analyst Edward S. Herman, Counter-Revolutionary Violence—Bloodbaths in Fact & Propaganda (1973) was suppressed at the last moment by its publisher, Warner Modular Publications.

The Board of Trustees of Knox College in Galesburg, IL, announced that Vassar Hispanic studies Professor E. Inman Fox would be the college's 14th president.

Fox took office on July 1, 1974.

Black nationalist Audley Moore, known as Queen Mother Moore, a founder of the Republic of New Afrika, gave the Angela Davis Lecture on "Nationalism."  Proclaimed at a conference in 1961 organized by the Malcolm X Society, the republic’s goals were to conduct a national referendum of African-Americans resolving the questions of their citizenship, to obtain several billion dollars in reparations for 400 years of slavery and to establish a black nation somewhere in the southeastern United States.

A long-time advocate for reparations, Moore petitioned the United Nations twice in the late 1950s for several hundred billion dollars.

The Angela Davis lectures were sponsored by the Urban Center for Black Studies of Vassar College.

Philosopher of determinism Bernard Berofsky from Columbia University lectured on "Responsibility and Necessity: The Metaphysical Character of the Free Will Debate."   Professor Berofsky, who taught briefly at Vassar and who spoke at the college on "Purposive Action" in October 1968, published Free Will and Determinism in 1966.  Princeton University Press published his Determinism in 1971.
Concert pianist, music historian and cultural critic Dr. Charles Rosen from the State University of New York at Stony Brook gave the Matthew Vassar Lecture on "Romantic Theories of Language and Expression and Schumann."
Professor William Murphy from Union College gave the Class of 1928 Lecture on "The Wanderings of the Yeatses: The Early Years of W. B. Yeats."   The editor of the letters of John Butler Yeats, the father of the Irish poet, Murphy was also the author of a biography of the elder Yeats, Prodigal Father: The Life of John Butler Yeats  (1978) that was a finalist for the National Book Award in 1979.
Geographer Peirce Lewis from Pennsylvania State, Syracuse University biogeographer Rowan Rowntree and Barry Gordon from the United States Forest Service spoke on a panel on "The Visual Environment and Visual Pollution in the Hudson Valley."
Edwin Newman, NBC News correspondent, gave the first of two Poynter Lectures on "The Presidency and the Press."  The second, by historian Arthur Schlesinger, Jr., was given on March 8.  The Poynter program was the gift of Nelson and Marion Knauss Poynter ‘46, publishers of The St. Petersburg Times, and was intended to inform students about the media.
Gráinne Yeats, traditional Irish harper, presented an evening of traditional and contemporary Irish music for a Matthew Vassar Concert.  The daughter-in-law of Irish poet William Butler Yeats, she and her husband, Irish Senator Michael Butler Yeats, visited Vassar in March 1970 and April 1989.
Under the auspices of the Political Science Department, Morris K. Udall, United States Congressman from Arizona and potential candidate for the Democratic presidential nomination in 1976, spoke on the possible impeachment of President Nixon and answered students' questions.

The American jazz and rhythm and blues band Kool and the Gang performed for a student dance in Kenyon Hall. Describing the event as  "an all-too-short 90-minute set of soul-jazz-rock-FUNK," Roger Trilling '76 noted in The Miscellany News, that the Atlantic City musicians "are all self-taught and...until 8 months ago Kool's audience was mainly Black folks between 15-21. This has all changed lately.  The band now plays to ever-larger, sold-out crowds."

"One must respect Kool music," Trilling concluded, "it's happy music, dancing music, communal music...  We should try to keep our ears from being mired in the expectations of media, music reviewers, our peers, past experiences or cultural orientation.... Listen with your whole selves to all the sounds around."

Evelyn Reed, Marxist anthropologist, author and founding member of the Women’s National Abortion Action Coalition, gave a lecture entitled "Is Biology Women's Destiny?"

J. K. Banerji, correspondent for the Hindusthan Standard, India; Gitta Bauer, journalist for the West German Springer Foreign News Service; Jurij Gustincic, U.S. correspondent for Politika, the Serbian newspaper in Belgrade, Yugoslavia, and Frederik Roos, from Sydsvenska Dagbladet and Götebergs-Tidningen in Sweden, spoke on a Poynter program panel on "Foreign Journalists' View of the American Press."  The panel, on March 5, was moderated by Professor of Political Science Glen Johnson, and the journalists held open sessions with students and faculty on March 6.

The gift of Nelson and Marion Knauss Poynter ‘46, publishers of The St. Petersburg Times, the Poynter program—intended to inform students about the media—was administered by the Poynter Committee of the multidisicplinary Changing American Culture program.

Linguist and philosopher Jerrold J. Katz from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology lectured on "Where Things Now Stand with the Analytic-Synthetic Distinction." The analytic-synthetic distinction, as formulated by Immanuel Kant, distinguished between propositions whose predicate were contained within their subject and those whose subjects did not contain their predicates.

Professor Katz, who spoke at Vassar on "Inference and Opacity" in November 1967, defined the relationship between syntax (word arrangement) and semantics (meaning) in Semantic Theory (1972).

Eric A. Nordlinger, professor of political science at Brown University, gave the Barbara Bailey Brown lecture on "The Performance of Military Governments in the Non-Western States." A critic of international alliances and military intervention and an advocate of the use of economic sanctions to promote human rights and democracy, Nordlinger published Conflict Regulation in Divided Societies in 1972.

The Barbara Bailey Brown Fund, was established in 1966 by the Class of 1932 in memory of their classmate Barbara Bailey '32 in support of programs and lectures fostering international understanding.

Following the lecture by broadcast journalis Edwin Newman on February 22, historian and social critic Arthur Schlesinger, Jr., Albert Schweitzer Professor of the Humanities at the City University of New York, gave the second Poynter Lecture on "The Presidency and the Press."

Schlesinger served in the Kennedy administration and his book about those years, A Thousand Days (1965) won a Pulitzer Prize and the National Book Award in 1977. His The Imperial Presidency (1973), a historical study of the accretion of power by American presidents, declared of President Nixon: “Seizing the possibilities created by forty years of international crisis, the 37th president became the first to profess the monarchical doctrine that the sovereign can do no wrong…. ‘When the President does it, that means that is it not illegal.’”     Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr., The Imperial Presidency

A frequent visitor to the campus, Professor Schlesinger spoke at Vassar in October 1951, May 1959 and January 1980.  His last appearance on campus was at the Eleanor Roosevelt Centennial Conference in October of 1984.  The Poynter program was the gift of Nelson and Marion Knauss Poynter ‘46, publishers of The St. Petersburg Times, and was intended to inform students about the media.

Internationally acclaimed German minstrel Karl Wolfram sang songs from the Middle Ages through the Thirty Years War, accompanying himself on the lute, the theorbo and the hurdy gurdy. The baritone’s repertoire encompassed some 80 roles and over 1,000 songs, which he performed at random.
Political scientist Martin Kilson, the first African-American to be a full professor at Harvard University, gave the Angela Davis Lecture on "Education." The Angela Davis Lecture series was presented by the Urban Center for Black Studies of Vassar College.
“Field-Testing the New Freeze-Dried Foods for Outdoorsmen,” an article by sophomore Warren Green ’76, campus correspondent for The New York Times, reviewed several products using the new method of food preservation.  Green vetoed Mountain House diced chicken (“The flies loved it, and didn’t seem to mind that it did not resemble chicken or taste like it”) and Rich Moor cottage cheese vegetable salad (“The flavor bore a remarkable resemblance to soap, and everyone…found the odor of the dish offensive”).  But he praised Tea Kettle’s turkey tetrazzini: “the flavoring was subtle and the turkey rehydrated well.”  “As one young camper said,” Green concluded, “’I think the food is quite adequate—maybe even bearable.’”     The New York Times
J. Alexander Caldwell, formerly with the Agency for International Development in Thailand, lectured on "Aims and Impact of American Aid in the Third World."   Princeton University Press published Caldwell’s American Economic Assistance to Thailand: A Case Study in Bilateral Foreign Aid in 1973, and his American Economic Aid to Thailand appeared from Lexington Books in 1974.
Poet and novelist Erica Jong, the controversial author of Fear of Flying (1973), read from her works for the Matthew Vassar Lecture.
Paul Novograd, a graduate student from Columbia University, lectured on the "History of the Japanese Garden." Novograd studied Japanese history, architecture and gardening under Fulbright and Carnegie grants in Japan, where he participated, in 1973, in a binational “Conference on Japan in the Muromachi Age” (1392-1573) sponsored by the Ford Foundation in Kyoto.

Democratic state senators from Queens and Brooklyn Karen Burstein and Carol Bellamy—two of the three women members of the New York State Legislature—met with students to discuss women in politics.  The topics, said The Miscellany News, included "the problems they encounter in defining for themselves their role as women legistlators.  Bellamy explained that on 'women's issues,' i. e. rape, day care centers, they are encouraged to share their views, abut as Burstein added, they are representatives of the people as well as 'women' and should participate in all issues."  The Watergate scandal may make 1974 a more "nonpolitical year," the two legislators suggested, "but because female condidates are perceived as independent of power politics, they look forward to having more successful women elected to office."

Native American anthropologist Dr. Alfonso Ortiz from Princeton University lectured on "Native American Visions of Life" and led discussions on "Structural Principles of Dual Organization" and on "The Anglo-American Problem," concluding a series of events over the previous two months focused on Native Americans. Jointly sponsored by the anthropology department and the multidisciplinary Changing American Culture program, the series began on February 1 with the showing and discussion of films on the history of Anglo-Indian conflicts, which was followed on February 21 by a showing of "And the Meek Shall Inherit the Earth," a film made by the Menonimee people of Wisconsin about legal aspects of Native American life, particularly the modern ambiguities of the reservation system.  Joan Harte, a Menominee leader and co-founder of Determination of Rights and Unity for Menominee Shareholders (DRUMS), introduced the film and led a discussion of the issues it raised.  On March 13, films and discussions contrasted contemporary aboriginal lifestyles with popular conceptions of Native Americans, and a dinner of Native American food was served.

The president of the Association on American Indian Affairs from 1973 until 1988, Dr. Ortiz was awarded a Guggenhiem Fellowship in 1975, and he became a MacArthur Fellow in 1982.

Vassar held a "Philosophical Film Festival," at which avant-garde film theoretician and historian P. Adams Sitney from Yale University lectured on "Postulation of the Self in Avant-Garde Cinema," and Columbia University aesthetician and critic Arthur Danto lectured on "Moving Pictures: Semantical Aspects of Cinema."

Reviewing Sitney’s Visionary Film: The American Avant-Garde in May 1974, New York Times film critic Vincent Canby found the book “Extremely informative and dense with associations that give it an importance beyond the immediate subject matter.”

Professor Danto lectured at Vassar in 1972 on “Art Works and Real Things.”

Professor Ewart Guinier, founding chairman in 1969 of Harvard University’s department of Afro-American studies, gave the Angela Davis Lecture on "Survival in the Seventies: Some Social Science Perspectives."  As a freshman at Harvard in 1929 and the only black student, Guinier was barred from residence halls, denied financial aid because no photograph accompanied his application and spoken to in the two years before he transferred to the City College of New York by only one person.

At the time of his death in 1990 Dr. Guinier—a lawyer and trade unionist before coming back to Harvard—was called by the eminent African-American historian P. Sterling Stuckey, “a source of inspiration for black intellectuals across the nation.”     The New York Times

The Angela Davis lectures were sponsored by the Urban Center for Black Studies of Vassar College.

Former United States Ambassador to Japan Edwin O. Reischauer from Harvard University gave the Barbara Bailey Brown Lecture on "Japan and East Asia: Reflections on the Nixon-Kissinger Foreign Policy."  The son of American missionaries in Japan, Reischauer devoted much of his life, in several careers, to Japan, Asia in general and the study and improvement of relations between the two and the West.

Reischauer was founding director in 1973 of Harvard’s Japan Institute, which became on the occasion of his 75th birthday in 1985 the Edwin O. Reischauer Institute of Japanese Studies.   In April 1969 he delivered the Helen Kenyon lecture at Vassar, "Japan and the Modern World," and met with student groups.

The Barbara Bailey Brown Fund, was established in 1966 by the Class of 1932 in memory of their classmate Barbara Bailey '32 in support of programs and lectures fostering international understanding.

German-born sociologist Herbert Gans from Columbia University, lectured on "Poverty, Inequality, and the Case for More Equality."  A senior reseach associate at the Center for Policy Research, Gans wrote on urban issues, communities and the media, as perceived by the working class.

As a consultant to Lyndon Johnson’s 1968 National Advisory Commission on Civil Disorders (the “Kerner Commission”), Gans drafted Chapter 9, “Comparing the Immigrant and Negro Experience,” the summary of which concluded by observing, “Today, whites tend to exaggerate how well and quickly they escaped from poverty....  By contrast, Negroes began concentrating in the city less than two generations ago, and under much less favorable conditions.  Although some Negroes have escaped poverty, few have been able to escape the urban ghetto.”     “Summary of Report,” Report of the National Advisory Commission on Civil Disorders

Three Vassar students, along with representatives from the State University at New Paltz, Barnard and Sarah Lawrence and two state senators, met with Board of Regents member Dr. Kenneth Clark and his assistants to discuss the forced desegregation throughout New York of AfricanAmerican student housing. The Board of Regents claimed that Kendrick House, which housed Vassar's African-American Cultural Center and 30 of its 169 black students, was in violation of the Regents’ 1972 Position Paper No. 15, "Minority Access to and Participation in Post Secondary Education," and possibly of Title VI of the federal Civil Rights Act of 1964.  Regents' representatives had made this determination following a visit to Kendrick House in January.

One of the Vassar students, Paula Williams '74, spoke to The Miscellany News about the meeting:  "She said that the group asked Clark why he could not see that there was a cultural and social need for unity among Black students, especially since they were in such a minority at colleges. He reportedly answered that this was hiding from the issue and that the only way that blacks would be able to deal effectively with white society was to come into constant confrontation with it.  Ms. Williams does not support this view, saying that blacks...should have the choice of living with people of similar interests and backgrounds while pursuing an academic education."  The Vassar trustees, meeting on May 11, voted unanimously to maintain Kendrick House as the site of the cultural center and a student residence and to make "every effort" to persuade the Regents of the wisdom of the Vassar policy.

After a year and a half of negotiation, and facing mounting legal cost and the threats both of loss of state financial aid and of possible rescission of Vassar's charter, the trustees voted at their meetings in May 1975 to return Kendrick House to its original purpose—faculty housing—to relocate the cultural center to a site on campus and to house all black students in campus residence halls.

Argentine-born scholar Sylvia Molloy, professor of Romance languages at Princeton University, gave the Matthew Vassar Lecture on "Critical Approach to Borges." Her La Diffusion de la littérature hispanoaméricaine en France (The Dissemination of Spanish American Literature in France) appeared in 1972, and she published Las letras de Borges (Signs of Borges) appeared in 1979.
George W. Carey, professor of urban geography at Rutgers University, gave the Matthew Vassar Lecture on "Demography, Education, Urban Renewal and the Washington, D. C. Ghetto: A Statistical-Cartographic Analysis."  A specialist in mathematical modeling of urban ecological systems, Carey published Teaching Population Geography: an Interdisciplinary Ecological Approach in 1969, and he co-authored Urbanization, Water Pollution and Public Policy in 1972.

Sociologist and founding board member in 1966 of the National Organization for Women (NOW) Alice Rossi, Goucher College, gave the Helen Kenyon Lecture on "Research and Politics on Sex and Gender."   An early advocate of the notion that gender inequality hurt not only women but also men and society in general, Rossi’s controversial conviction at this time was that the cultural gap between men and women was not primarily the product of socialization but arose as well from biological sources. 

Donald L. Thomsen, Jr. former chairman of the board of the Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics [SIAM] Institute for Mathematics and Society, lectured on "Mathematics and Society."   The institute concerned itself with the emerging application of mathematics and computing to social, medical and health analysis and policy issues.
British writer and music editor and publisher Donald Mitchell, professor of music at University of Sussex, lectured on "The Vocabulary of Expressionism: Music and Related Arts at the Turn of the Century."  The author of a three-volume life of Mahler, Gustav Mahler (1958, 1975, 1985), Mitchell was a friend and admirer of Benjamin Britten, at whose suggestion he founded in 1965 the music publishing firm Faber Music, of which Mitchell was the first managing director.

English-born historian at Yale University, Dr. Roland H. Bainton, gave the Matthew Vassar Lecture on "The Women of the Reformation."  Bainton’s The Reformation of the Sixteenth Century (1952) and his several studies of Martin Luther and other figures of the Reformation were standard texts, and his Women of the Reformation in German and Italy (1971) was followed by Women of the Reformation in France and England (1973) and Women of the Reformation, From Spain to Scandinavia (1977).

Husband and wife philosophers from Princeton, Stephanie Lewis and David Lewis gave two lectures.  Ms. Lewis lectured on the proposition, "When Legitimate Rule is in Doubt, So is Legal Validity," and Mr. Lewis asked his audience to consider the question, "Could a Time Traveler Change the Past?"  The couple collaborated on the influential article, “Holes,” published in the Australasian Journal of Philosophy in 1970. Taking the form of a dialogue between “Argle” and “Bargle,” the essay explored the range of metaphysical issues raised by the concept of a hole.

Charles Berlitz, linguist and grandson of the founder of the famous language schools, lectured on "Atlantis and the Startling Underwater Bimini Discoveries."   A tireless student of the paranormal, he published The Mystery of Atlantis in 1969 and, with William Moore, The Philadelphia Experiment: Project Invisibility, which claimed that the US Navy had experimented in World War II with rendering a battleship invisible, in 1979.  His book The Bermuda Triangle (1974) won the Dag Hammarskjöld International Prize for non-fiction in 1976.

Self-described “radical lesbian feminist” Mary Daly, radical theologian and professor of religion at Boston College, lectured on "Scapegoat Religion and the Sacrifice of Women."   Dr. Daly examined the systematic oppression of women by the Catholic Church in The Church and the Second Sex (1968), and her Beyond God the Father: Toward a Philosophy of Women’s Liberation (1973) extended the focus to include general misogyny in religion. 

Patricia Carbine, publisher of Ms magazine; Charlotte Curtis ‘50, associate editor of The New York Times; Lenore Hershey, editor of  The Ladies' Home Journal and Geraldine Rhoads, editor of Woman's Day, spoke on two Poynter Panels, one about "Women in the Profession of Journalism" and the other about "Women's Magazines and the Changing Image of Women."

The Poynter program was the gift of Nelson and Marion Knauss Poynter ‘46, publishers of The St. Petersburg Times, and was intended to inform students about the media.

Dr. Martin Bronfenbrenner, Kenan Professor of Economics at Duke University, gave the Martin H. Crego Lecture on "That 'Insoluble' Inflation Problem Again." The Crego lecture, part of the Crego Endowment established in 1956 by Jean Crego ’32 in honor of her father, was an annual lecture in the general field of economics, under the auspices of the economics department.

Donald Bellinger, candidate for governor on the Real Party ticket, lectured on "The Confessions of a One-Time Political Apathetic."   Bellinger, who, according to The Micellany News, "describes himself as a political conservative whose philosophy goes back a few thousand years to when democracy was first articulated in Greece," was the impresario of the Academy Theater, a well-regarded art film house in New Paltz, NY.  He did not appear on the ballot in November.

"On Thursday May 2, one of the largest audiences ever to fill the Vassar Chapel waited for almost an hour...to hear Angela Davis speak on 'Racism and Repression in the United States.'"     The Miscellany News

A radical activist since her college years, Davis told the crowd of some 1,800 that the Nixon administration no longer "feel obliged to go through the motions of democracy" and that their "infinitely horrible crimes" at home and abroad justified any means necessary to remove them from office. "Capitalism, she remarked," Naomi Baden '75 reported in The Miscellany News, "is 'a basically criminal sytem'" that robbed "workers of what is rightfully theirs—their labor and their products.  Further, Davis said, the United State is the apex of capitialist development," a system "hanging precariously on the edges of Third World revolution."  "Angela Davis," Baden concluded, "explained that it was no longer useful to reflect upon one's historical responsibility.  Rather, she pleaded, it was time to act.  Ending on a distinctly pessimistic note, Davis warned that if we waited too long, it would be too late to save ourselves from the repressive policies of this nation."     The Miscellany News

Dismissed in 1969 from the philosophy faculty at UCLA at the request of Governor Ronald Reagan because of her membership in the Communist Party and then reinstated, Davis was charged in 1970 as an accomplice in the abduction and murder of Superior Court Judge Harold Haley but found not guilty in her 1972 trail.  Her ownership of the gun used to kill the judge was, a jury found, insufficient evidence of her involvement in the crime.  

Between 1972 and 1975, the Angela Davis Lecture series brought prominent African American progressives to campus under the auspices of the Urban Center for Black Studies of Vassar College.

Blues singer Bonnie Raitt and the rock and roll blues band Orleans "enchanted" a capacity crowd with a sell-out spring concert in the Chapel.  After the band's opening set, according to the narrative by Dean Toda '74 in The Miscellany News, "the excitement and tension is astounding as Bonnie Riatt walks on...and she plays it very coolly, merely takes at tug at her jeans for her more vocal admirers, then a smile that is both coquette and sweetheart, and sits down to her mike, guitar in hand....  Her voice is as clear as she is beautiful; the crowd is enchanted and roars its approval over and over again.... My reflections...are suddenly shattered, between songs, when a streaker...leaps a few mike chords, plants a kiss on Bonnie's cheek and disappears off the other wing."     The Miscellany News

Congress began impeachment proceedings against President Richard M. Nixon, citing the Watergate break-ins and subsequent evidence as cause.

Responding to a January 18 determination by the New York State Board of Regents that the predominately black mixed housing in Kendrick House, site of the Afro American Cultural Center and the campus residence of 30 of Vassar's 169 black students, constituted racial discrimination, the board of trustees voted unanimously against compliance with the Regents' desegregation order. The board "after full discussion," a statement issued by the board said, "approved the following resolution: that Vassar College make no change in its present housing policy and that effort be made to persuade the Board of Regents of the State of New York of the wisdom of that policy."  After the meeting, one trustee commented that the board could not comply with the Regents' decision without violating the civil rights of black students, which allow them to live where they want and with whom.  At the very least, Vice President for Student Affairs John Duggan told The Miscellany News, "the Regents must show us a way that we can desegregate the dorm without violating the rights of black students."  

After a year and a half of negotiation and facing mounting legal costs and threats of both loss of state financial aid and possible rescission of Vassar's charter, the trustees voted at their meeting in May 1975 to return Kendrick House to its original purpose—faculty housing—to relocate the cultural center to a site on campus and to house all black students in campus residence halls. Vassar and Cornell University were the last institutions of higher education in New York State to relinquish the position that mixed campus housing where African American students were in the majority did not constitute segregation.

The Master Planning Committee presented the final plans for an extension to the Library, Helmuth, Obata and Kassabaum, architects. This plan for the new wing, with a limestone facade, replaced earlier plans of an extension that caused controversy on campus, as their extensive use of glass was, critics said, out of keeping with the origina building.   Funding for the new construction came from the bequest to the college of Helen D. Lockwood ’12, who died in 1972.  The Helen Lockwood addition opened in 1977.

Anthony Lewis, two-time Pulitzer Prize-winning writer for The New York Times, addressed the Class of 1974, and President Simpson conferred the bachelor’s degree on its 509 members at Commencement.  One hundred-fourteen of the 169 male members of the class entered the college as freshmen in 1970, the first male freshmen.

Facing impeachment for his part in the Watergate scandal, President Richard M. Nixon resigned, and Vice President Gerald R. Ford became the 38th President of the United States.  He chose as his Vice President former New York Governor Nelson Rockefeller.

The New York State Board of Regents amended its policy on segregation, giving the college hope that it might retain Kendrick House as a Afro American Cultural Center (AACC) primarily housing black students, and perhaps ending a dispute that began in January 1972, when the Regents issued Position Paper No. 15, "Minority Access to and Participation in Post Secondary Education."  President Simpson wrote immediately to Commissioner of Education Ewald Nyquist, saying, "The conclusion we reach is that the new rules would explicitly authorize the continuance of the policy we have been following....  If this is not the case, we look forward to the promised site visit in the fall for further discussion."  Asked by The Chronicle of Higher Education in early August whether the new rule might exempt arrangements such as Vassar's, Commissioner Nyquist was quoted as saying "we still haven't concluded our thinking on this."

At a campus discussion of the issue on November 19 sponsored by the trustee committee on minority students, Edward Hollander, deputy commissioner of education, declared that, in the Regents' view, the AACC was "an example of institutionalized segregation" and said Vassar must find a way to integrate its students or face penalties from the Board of Regents. The following May, facing mounting legal costs and threats of both loss of state financial aid and possible rescission of Vassar's charter, the trustees voted to return Kendrick House to its original purpose—faculty housing—to relocate the cultural center to a site on campus and to house all black students in campus residence halls. Vassar and Cornell University were the last institutions of higher education in New York State to relinquish the position that mixed campus housing where African American students were in the majority did not constitute segregation.

At a "Symposium on Nuclear Power,” Andrew Hull from the Safety and Environmental Protection division of Brookhaven National Laboratory, spoke on "Health and Safety Aspects of Nuclear Power;" Alan McGowan, president of the Scientists’ Institute for Public Information, discussed "Social and Political Implications of Nuclear Power" and Paul F. Zweifel, professor of physics at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, lectured on "Are There Viable Alternatives to Nuclear Power?"  

In 1972 Dr. Zweifel received the United States Department of Energy’s Ernest Orlando Lawrence Award for “outstanding contributions to the theory of the slowing down and thermalizatiion of neutrons.” The award honored Dr. Lawrence, the inventor of the cyclotron.  He lectured at Vassar on “The Early History of Atomic Energy” in 1969.

A panel discussion among his friends and colleagues, "Edward R. Murrow: Uniqueness in Retrospect,"concluded a month-long study of the broadcast journalism of the CBS newsman and innovator.  Presented under the auspices of the Poynter Fellowship Committee of the Changing American Culture, the survey began with public showings of eight of Murrow's telecasts—two showings in Skinner Hall on September 19, September 24, October 3 and October 10.  Among the telecasts were Murrow's indictment of Senator Joseph McCarthy, "A Report on Senator Joseph R. McCarthy," broadcast  on "See It Now" on March 9, 1954, and the "See It Now" program he introduced a week later as "a little picture about a little woman," the study of McCarthy's merciless and, for him, disastrous browbeating before his Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations of Pentagon communications clerk Annie Lee Moss, an African American widow whom McCarthy and his chief counsel Roy Cohn mistakenly branded a Communist. The series concluded with repeat showings of the first McCarthy program and the Annie Moss program and Murrow's "The Incredible Career of Grandma Moses" (1955), "Clinton and the Law: A Study in Desegregation" (1957) and "Harvest of Shame" (1960) a film about the mistreatment of migrant workers.

Paricipants on the panel included,broadcast included: Vassar trustee Donald Wilson, former Time correspondent and Murrow’s deputy director at the United States Information Agency (USIA); CBS broadcast journalist and educator Edward Bliss, Jr., head of broadcast journalism at American University, news editor of the program "Edward R. Murrow and the News" and editor of In Search of Light: The Broadcasts of Edward R. Murrow 1938-1961 (1967); Wallace Carroll, former foreign correspondent and editor of The Winston-Salem Journal and Sentinel—a colleague of Murrow since the 1930s; Reed Harris from Freedoms Foundation, a non-profit sponsor of Radio Free Europe, and one of Senator McCarthy's State Department targets, whom Murrow defended and later hired for the USIA; and Richard C. Hottelet, a longtime CBS News correspondent and Murrow's colleague in CBS News in London, Moscow, Berlin and Bonn in 1944-56

Moderated by Mr. Wilson, the panel began with Richard Hottelet's observation that Murrow would be the first to laugh at their "sitting down to venerate famous men," adding that his friend "was immune to the self hynosis of the microphone."  Wallace Carroll, according to The Miscellany News, "recalled the difference between Murrow and the other resident journalists covering  the League of Nations in Geneva, 1936: 'he always looked at things with a fresh eye, rather than running to the more established reporters for the last word on what was happening.'" 

Acknowledging Murrow's role in his vindication against McCarthy's charges, Reed Harris observed that, once vindicated, he didn't re-enter government service until Murrow accepted John F. Kennedy's invitation to head the USIA in 1961.  "I've been criticizing bureaucrats all my adult life," Harris said Murrow told him, "it's my turn to try."  Harris said that Murrow recognized Kennedy's "intelligence and purpose," and that Murrow's career as a "professional doubter" suited him for the job.

Introduced by Eleanor Roosevelt, Edward R. Murrow spoke at Vassar on the notion that "American is an Island" in October 1949, and he interviewed President Sarah Gibson Blanding on his interview program "Person to Person" in March 1959. Edward R. Murrow died in 1965.

Marion Knauss Poynter ’46 was the wife of Nelson Poynter, the publisher of The St. Petersburg Times and co-founder of The Congressional Quarterly.  In 1975 he founded the Modern Media Institute, a school and center for the study of journalism in St. Petersburg.  The institute became The Poynter Institute of Media Studies in 1984.

The Concentus Musicus of Vienna performed works by Marais, Couperin, Vivaldi, and Purcell.  Founded in 1953 by Nikolaus and Alice Harnoncourt, the group played an important part of the revival of early music played on period instruments.

Princeton historian James M. Banner held an open forum on "Common Cause and Its Role in the 1974 Campaign."  

Leaving government service in protest to the war in Vietnam, the former Secretary of Health, Education and Welfare under President Lyndon Johnson, John W. Gardner, formed the nonpartisan, nonprofit “citizens’ lobby,” Common Cause, in 1970.

Economist and economic historian Robert Heilbroner from the New School for Social Research gave the Barbara Bailey Brown Lecture on "Second Thoughts on the Human Prospect." 

The Barbara Bailey Brown Fund, was established in 1966 by the Class of 1932 in memory of their classmate Barbara Bailey '32 in support of programs and lectures fostering international understanding.

Vassar dedicated the Olmsted Hall of Biological Sciences.  Participating in the dedication were Dr. Ruth Grouse Bulger '58, University of Maryland School of Medicine; Dr. Elizabeth D. Hay, Harvard Medical School; Dr. R. Malcolm Brown, Jr., University of North Carolina; Dr. Beverly Blatt Lavietes '65, New York University; Dr. Richard G. Skalko, New York State Birth Defects Institute; Dr. Richard Evans Schultes, Harvard University; Dr. George Miller, Rockefeller University; Dr. Mary Bunting '31, president of Radcliffe College; Helen Bassatt Gardner '57; and Dr. Elizabeth Ballentine Gardner '62. 

Hungarian-born philosopher Laszlo Versenyi from Williams College lectured on "Ought There to Be 'Ought's' in Moral Philosophy?" 

Carl Woodring, professor of English literature at Columbia University, gave the Phi Beta Kappa Lecture on "Nature and Art in the Nineteenth Century."   Professor Woodring’s book on Wordsworth, Politics in English Romantic Poetry (1970) won a Phi Beta Kappa Prize, and he published Nature into Art: Cultural Transformations in Nineteenth Century Britain in 1989.

Henry Heisenbuttel, Dutchess County Planning Board director, lectured on "Selected Urban Problems." 

Robert E. Massi, Socialist Labor candidate for the U.S. Senate, lectured on "Reform or Revolution?" 

The Early Music Quartet (Studio derFrüen Musik) from Munich, led by American Thomas Binkley, sang and played music from the 13th, 14th and 15th centuries. 

Historian Stephan Thernstrom, professor of history at Harvard University, gave the first C. Mildred Thompson Lecture of the academic year on "History as Social Science."  A student of social mobility and a winner of the 1974 Bancroft Prize in American History for The Other Bostonians: Poverty and Progress in the American Metrolpolis, 1880-1970, Professor Thernstrom edited The Harvard Encyclopedia of American Ethnic Groups (1980).

The Thompson lectureship, given by an anonymous donor, honored American historian C. Mildred Thompson '03, who taught in the history department from 1910 until 1923, when she became Vassar's dean, a position she held until her retirement in 1948.  Dean Thompson died in 1975.

An authority on legal philosophy, David Lyons, professor of law and philosophy at Cornell University, lectured on "Burdens of Ethical Relativism." 

British pianist, composer and music historian Peter Dickinson from the University of Keele, England, lectured on "A New Perspective on Charles Ives: Local Composer Becomes International."  Although born and schooled in England, Professor Dickinson spent several years in the United States, first at The Julliard School and then as a pianist for the New York City Ballet, music critic, freelance performer and lecturer at Fairleigh Dickinson University. He was the founder of the Centre for American Music at Keele.

At a college Halloween party, a fight broke out between nine white Vassar students who chose to masquerade as members of the Ku Klux Klan and 20 black Vassar students who were offended by the costumes. Two students were injured, and John Duggan, vice-president of student affairs, met with those involved. 

Vassar students celebrated with music, refreshments and speakers the official opening of a new quarter-mile running track located behind the townhouses. Vassar defeated Skidmore 4-1 in a soccer match after the ceremony.

Dr. Margaret Olson from Marist College, an official with the Poughkeepsie College Center and the Poughkeepsie Urban Renewal Agency( PURA), lectured on "Urban Social Planning." 

Sir John Pope-Hennessy, director of the British Museum and former director of the Victoria and Albert Museum, gave the Class of 1928 Lecture on "Italian Renaissance Art." 

Lionel Hampton's orchestra played to a packed Students' Building audience at the winter formal.  Along with pianist Teddy Wilson, Hampton was one of the two African Americans in the 1936 Benny Goodman quartet, the "first black men," he told Jeff Hunt '77 in a Miscellany News interview, "to play in the same group with whites.  The group's popularity and excellence, he suggested, permitted this, and it may have helped to end black-with separatism in music... This banc (which is not his Big Band but his 'Jazz Inner Circle') played a lot of numbers in Latin, rock and bop beats, as opposed to straight swing numbers at Saturday's dance.... His mallets flew across the vibes, and he agilely twirled his drumsticks."

Writing earlier in The Misc., Rowland W. Evans '75 noted that, in bringing the Hampton band to campus, "along with the Ellington dance last year and the Basie dance to come later this year," the Student Entertainment Committee (SEC) gave Vassar "the honor of hosting three of the six or seven finest musical organizations of the...Swing Era."

Historian and philosopher of science Thomas Kuhn from Princeton University lectured on "Puzzles Versus Problems in Scientific Development." The formulator of the concept of “paradigm shifts” in The Structure of Scientific Revolutions (1962), Kuhn focused much of his work on the shape and nature of scientific theory.  His The Essential Tension: Selected Studies in Scientific Tradition and Change was published by the University of Chicago Press in 1977.

Delivering the Class of 1928 Lecture, provocative literary critic Leslie Fiedler, Samuel Clemens Professor of American Literature at the State University of New York at Buffalo asked, "What Was Literature?"  Fiedler "repeatedly voiced his objection," Joan Mooney '75 noted in The Miscellany News, "to the view that a book is of poor quality if it is read by a large number of people.  'I'm coming out of the closet,' he said, when he admitted he liked much of what is now labelled 'low' literature, such as Rider Haggard's She and Margaret Mitchell's Gone With the Wind....  He urged his audience to 'get it out of your heads' that the essential pleasure of literature lies in hard work.'  When a questioner protested that he got more out of reading a book that required hard work, Prof. Fiedler said, 'We seem to be on the old argument of grace versus works.  Literature is free grace,' a release from consciousness and rationality, a 'temporary moment of insanity.'"

Widely known for such works as An End to Innocence: Essays on Culture and Politics (1955), No! In Thunder: Essays on Myth and Literature (1960) and Love and Death in the American Novel (1966), Fiedler published What Was Literature?: Class Culture and Mass Society in 1982.

American soprano Neva Pilgrim and pianist Ursula Oppens performed songs by Charles Ives. Pilgrim promoted works by new composers, and—often through the New Music Society in Syracuse, of which she was a founder—she commissioned dozens of works which she then introduced to the public.

Ursula Oppens, winner of the Young Concert Artists Auditions in 1968, debuted at Carnegie Hall the following year.  Like Pilgrim, a champion of new music, she co-founded the contemporary music ensemble Speculum Musicae in 1971.  

Sister Mary Eleanor Mahoney from Mount St. Mary College in Newburgh, NY, lectured on "Fundamentals of Catholic Theology." 

Japanese critic and author Shūichi Katō, a lecturer at Yale University, gave the Class of 1928 Lecture on "Japanese Calligraphy and Painting: An Analysis of Brush Form and Ink Line."  The University of California Press published Katō’s Form, Style, Tradition: Reflections on Japanese Art and Society in 1971.

President Alan Simpson broke ground for the Helen D. Lockwood extension to the Frederick Ferris Thompson Memorial Library.  Funded by the generous bequest of Helen D. Lockwood ’12—a driving force in the English department and the college during her nearly 30 years on the faculty—and by gifts from other alumnae in her honor, the 32,000 square foot addition, designed by Helmuth, Oban and Kassabaum, contained a new rare book room, all-night study lounge, reserve room, faculty carrels and new stack space.

Arthur Mitchell's Dance Theater of Harlem performed.  Formed in 1969, the dance theater had been lauded by The New York Times in 1971 as “one of ballet’s most exciting undertakings.”

The author of The Encyclopedia of Witchcraft and Demonology (1959), Rossell Hope Robbins, medievalist and International Professor at the State University of New York at Albany, gave the Matthew Vassar Lecture on "Witchcraft: Yellow Cross and Green Faggot." 

Robert Spall lectured on "Eckankar, the Science of Total Awareness." Eckankar,  meaning “co-worker with God,” a spiritual movement founded by Paul Twitchell, was based in Chanhassen, Minnesota. 

Mladen Soic, deputy director of the Yugoslav Information Bureau in New York City, lectured on "Yugoslavia: An Alternative to China and the Soviet Union." 

Under the sponsorship of the endowed Poynter Program, the college presented a panel on "Investigative Reporting," which included Lucinda Franks ‘68 and Richard Severo from The New York Times; Carey McWilliams, editor of The Nation and veteran journalist Jules Witcover from the Washington Post.  Lucinda Franks, who shared the 1971Pulitzer Prize in National Reporting for “”Diana: the Making of a Terrorist,” an account the life and death of Weatherwoman Diana Oughton, taught Vassar’s Contemporary Press class in 1981.  Richard Severo also taught at Vassar for several years.

Veteran journalist Carey McWilliams, a lawyer in the 1930s for migrant workers, began his investigative career writing about their mistreatment and that of Japanese-American internees during Word War II.  His Witch Hunt (1950) was an early attempt to combat McCarthyism, and his “Are We Training Cuban Guerillas?” appeared in The Nation five months before the Bay of Pigs invasion.  Jules Witcover’s 85 Days: The Last Campaign of Robert Kennedy was published in 1969, and Marathon: The Pursuit of the Presidency 1972-76 appeared in 1977.

Marion Knauss Poynter ’46 was the wife of Nelson Poynter, the publisher of The St. Petersburg Times and co-founder of The Congressional Quarterly.  In 1975 he founded the Modern Media Institute, a school and center for the study of journalism in St. Petersburg.  The institute became The Poynter Institute of Media Studies in 1984.

At a meeting between Vassar trustees and the New York Board of Regents, the latter threatened Vassar College with severe penalties if it did not "desegregate" Kendrick House. 

At a campus discussion sponsored by the trustee committee on minority students of the ongoing dispute with the New York State Board of Regents on the status of the Afro American Cultural Center (AACC) in Kendrick House, Edward Hollander, deputy commissioner of education—citing "the ideals of this nation so movingly represented by the life of the Rev. Martin Luther King"—stated the Regents understood the view that the AACC helped students adjust to "multracial" and "strange" circumstances."  But, he said, between "the goal of integration and the goal of freedom of choice of students to live where they are most comfortable," the Regents gave priority to integration.  The AACC was, he said, "an example of instutionalized segregation."

Several speakers—Vice President for Student Affairs John Duggan for the administration; Angela Fox '77 for the Kendrick students; Professor Marion Tait, chair of the faculty policy and conference committee; Erica Ryland '75, president of the Student Government Association (SGA); Krishan Saini, assistant professor of economics and faculty house fellow; and Ray Bank '75, for the house presidents—spoke in support of the AACC.  College Chaplain George Williamson, Professor of Chemistry Curt Beck and Professor of History Norman Hodges, appearing as members of college community, also voiced their support.

"Ms. Fox," wrote the chronicler over many months of the Kendrick dispute, Miscellany News reporter Debbie Seaman '75, "accused the Regents of ignoring the underlying conditions of the issue and 'treating the symptoms instead of the disease,' and she maintained that forced integration would create hostility.... Ms. Tait said that this type of social experiementation is extremely important to the role that institutions of higher learning play in the larger society.  'As free, self-governing intellectual communities, we can test both cooncepts and means in ways that the larger society cannot afford'.... For the Regents to place restrictions on this freedom would be a mistake."

"After formal statements were made," Seaman concluded, "several questions concerning Regents' policy were put to Mr. Hollander.  John Blassingame, one of the members of the trustee comittee on minority students,...cited the Regents' position paper as saying that its purpose was not to prohibit the creation of combined academic and residential units and asked it the AACC was not such a unit.  Mr. Hollander made a statement in reply which he admitted was an effort not to answer the question....  He claimed that blacks on other campuses have managed to solve the problem of integration while retaining their identities, yet he was at a loss to give an example of this.  He admitted that he felt 'uncomfortable in answering these very specific questions.'"    The Miscellany News

The following May, after a year and a half of negotiation and facing mounting legal costs and threats of both loss of state financial aid and possible rescission of Vassar's charter, the trustees voted to return Kendrick House to its original purpose—faculty housing—to relocate the cultural center to a site on campus and to house all black students in campus residence halls. Vassar and Cornell University were the last institutions of higher education in New York State to relinquish the position that mixed campus housing where African American students were in the majority did not constitute segregation.

Russian-born muralist Anton Refregier gave the Class of 1928 Lecture on "The Current Art Scene in the Soviet Union."  The creator of the largest of the WPA murals done during the 1930s and 1940s, Refregier had scarcely finished the work, the 27-panel “History of San Francisco” (1940-48) in the United States Post Office in Rincon, CA, when it was denounced for its portrayal of what critics called “violence, racial hatred and class struggle.”

Refregier died in Moscow while at work on a mural for the Moscow Medical Center in 1979, the same year his mural in Rincon was placed on the National Register of Historic Places. 

Dr. David Carr from the Yale University department of philosophy lectured on "History and Transcendental Philosophy." His Phenomenology and the Problem of History appeared in 1974.

Jay Katz, M.D. professor of psychiatry and law at Yale Law School, lectured on "Who's Afraid of Informed Consent." His Experimentation With Human Beings appeared in 1972, and he collaborated with legal bioethicist Alexander M. Capron on Catastrophic Diseases—Who Decides What? published by the Russell Sage Foundation in 1975.

British-born anthropologist and linguist Dr. James Brain from the State University of New York at New Paltz lectured on "The Deteriorating Position of Women in Africa: A Tanzanian Case." Professor Brain was a visiting professor at Vassar between 1976 and 1982.

Daniel Aaron, professor of English and American literature at Harvard University, lectured on "The Unholy City: Urban Landscape in Late 19th and Early 20th-Century American Literature." 

British historian Stuart J. Woolf from Essex University, England, gave the Matthew Vassar Lecture on "The Italian Risorgimento." 

Sociologist Patricia Jette from Yale University lectured on "Deviance, Identity, and the Labeling Process: The Case of Legal and Illegal Abortion." 

An exhibition of contemporary collages assembled from galleries throughout New York State by director Peter Morrin opened at the Vassar Art Gallery. 

After nearly a year of negotiations with the New York State Board of Regents and even though a wide campus majority favored a battle in the courts, the board of trustees voted to discontinue Kendrick House as an Afro-American Cultural Center and residence for black students.  Facing more stringent regulations imposed by the Regents in August and with assurance from its lawyers that litigation on the point would most likely be futile and most certainly be very expensive, the college abandoned the contention that, because residence in Kendrick was voluntary, because only 32 of the college’s 169 black students and because residence in the building was open to white students, there was no policy of “segregation” at Vassar.

The board’s decision was supported by a report from its committee on minority students which, according to The New York Times, “acknowledged that Vassar had in fact promoted a separate living arrangement for black students who felt they needed sanctuary from the college’s whites, and concluded that Vassar would ‘almost inevitably lose’ a challenge in court because ‘the college’s endorsement of separate housing is so explicit and the Regents’ rules just as explicitly prohibit such practices.’”

Deborah Waite ’75, a member of the Student Afro-American Society’s steering committee, said that the college’s commitment to a non-residential cultural center for black students, while it must be honored, was a “token” and a “half step.”  A residence for black students, she said, was “essential…. It provides a sense of security.  It’s a place at night, to get away, even if you don’t live there formally.  The black students on this campus are one big family, and Kendrick was known as ‘the house.’  It was not referred to as the cultural center or Kendrick, but ‘the house.’”     The New York Times