Associate Professor of History and Director of the Africana Studies Program Norman Hodges attended the Seventh Africa-America Institute Lesotho conference in South Africa.  Hodges reported that the meeting was intended “to deal with the options available for the reconstruction of southern African countries when they achieve independence.” Hodges’s journey required that he pass through South Africa under apartheid.

In an article in the Miscellany News, he characterized apartheid as “expensive, wasteful, tragic and absurd.”